Surrealism is an artistic and literary movement that emerged in France at the beginning of the 20th century.
The publication of the Surrealist Manifesto, in 1924 by André Breton, was the initial milestone of the movement.
Freud’s studies of psychoanalysis influenced the movement. In other words, its main characteristic is the free expression of the unconscious.
The Surrealist Manifesto brought a new way of looking at art.
Firstly, they included the exemption from logic and the worship of a higher reality, called “wonderful.”
Secondly, due to the political uncertainties, Surrealism criticized European culture. Above all, they criticized the bourgeois class.
According to the movement, art had been created by the bourgeoisie since the Renaissance.
Surrealist artists sought to explore the hidden impulses of the mind.
As a result, they started to practice automatic writing and painting as a form of a transcription of the unconscious.
Main Surrealism artists
Surrealism not only covered the visual arts.
We find it literature, theater, music, and other branches of art.
Here are the most influential artists:
- Salvador Dalí (1904-1989)
- Max Ernst (1891-1976)
- René Magritte (1898-1967)
- André Breton (1896-1966)
- Man Ray (1890-1976)
- Joan Miró (1893-1983)
Surrealism in the 21st century
Surrealism was such a significant artistic movement that still influences the work of many artists.
Therefore, we list some Surrealism inspired artists that we love.
The Serbian designer and illustrator Njakkk has a series of Surrealist paintings, oh boy, they are mind-blowing!
Self-taught photographer, he began taking photographs at the age of nineteen.
Kyle Thompson’s work is mostly composed of self-portraits. That is to say, he often takes his pictures in empty forests and abandoned homes.
In the same vein, Adrian Borda has some outstanding mythology-based surrealist works.
The Romanian artist defines his work:
“I’m an inner traveler, exploring the mysterious and extremely complex subconscious world. In my real life, as in my art, I don’t care about conventions and the taboos; there are no sacred memes that cannot be touched.”
Alessandro Gottardo (aka Shout)
ESPN, Conde Nast, and Forbes already have used the irreverent style of Italian illustrator Alessandro Gottardo.
Want some more?
Subsequently, take a look at the fantastic illustration by the cubist Pablo Picasso.